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百年50部英文烧脑电影赏析:[50]Zodiac 十二宫

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导演:大卫·芬奇
编剧:詹姆斯·范德比尔特
主演:杰克·吉伦哈尔/马克·鲁弗洛
安东尼·爱德华玆
小罗伯特·唐尼
首映日期:2007-03-02
百年50部英文烧脑电影赏析:[50]Zodiac 十二宫
With its unhurried pace and cerebrally engaging plot, Zodiac is an unusually haunting and compelling horror film.
伴随从容的节奏和理智的动人情节,《十二宫》是一部让人非常困扰和信服的恐怖电影。
——Claudia Puig, USA Today
A film that is both emotionally and intellectually unsettling.
这部电影在情感和理智上都让人不安。
——Colin Covert, Minneapolis Star Tribune
This was a really good film. I was on the edge of my seat and the fact that it's a true story is an even more scary thought. All of the cast were exceptional.
这真是一部好电影。我一直很紧张,而更让人提心吊胆的是这是一个真实的故事。所有的演员都表现非凡。
——Murphmann93

The film opens on July 4, 1969, with the Zodiac killer's second attack, the shooting of Darlene Ferrin(Ciara Hughes)and Mike Mageau(Lee Norris)at a lovers' lane in Vallejo, California. Mageau survives while Ferrin dies from her injuries.
One month later, a letter written by the Zodiac arrives at the San Francisco Chronicle. Paul Avery(Robert Downey, Jr.)is a Chronicle crime reporter. Robert Graysmith(Jake Gyllenhaal)is a political cartoonist there. The newspaper receives encrypted letters that the killer sends, taunting the police. Because of Graysmith's status as a cartoonist, he is not taken seriously by Avery and the editors and is excluded from the initial details about the killings despite his interest in the case. In particular, he is drawn to the encrypted code that is included with the letters and is given access to one. When he is able to crack one of the codes and makes several correct guesses about the killer's actions, Avery begins sharing information with him. While at a bar together drinking Aqua Velvas, which Avery initially makes fun of Graysmith, they discuss the coded letters.
The Zodiac killer attacks again, stabbing Bryan Hartnell(Patrick Scott Lewis)and Cecelia Shepard(Pell James)at Lake Berryessa in Napa County. Shepard dies as a result of the attack, while Hartnell survives. Soon afterward, San Francisco taxicab driver Paul Stine is shot and killed in the city's Presidio Heights district. San Francisco police detectives Dave Toschi(Mark Ruffalo)and his partner Bill Armstrong(Anthony Edwards)are assigned to the case, liaising with other detectives such as Jack Mulanax(Elias Koteas)in Vallejo and Ken Narlow(Donal Logue)in Napa. The killer, or someone posing as him, continues to toy with authorities by speaking on the phone with celebrity lawyer Melvin Belli(Brian Cox)when he makes an appearance on a television talk show. Avery and Graysmith form an alliance, delving deeper into the case.
In 1971, Toschi, Armstrong and Mulanax question Arthur Leigh Allen(John Carroll Lynch), a potential suspect in the case. However, a handwriting expert(Philip Baker Hall)insists that Allen did not write the Zodiac letters. Avery receives a new letter threatening his life. He becomes increasingly paranoid and turns to drugs and alcohol. At one point he shares information with a rival police force, angering Toschi and Armstrong.
百年50部英文烧脑电影赏析:[50]Zodiac 十二宫
By 1975, Avery leaves the Chronicle. Armstrong quits the homicide division, and Toschi is demoted for supposedly forging a Zodiac letter. Graysmith, meanwhile, continues his own in-depth investigation, interviewing witnesses and police detectives involved in the case. Obsessing over the unsolved case, he begins receiving anonymous phone calls with heavy breathing(on the night of Ferrin's death, Graysmith discovered that someone prank-called the victim's family and did the same thing), Because of his submersion in the case, Graysmith loses his job and his wife Melanie(Chloe Sevigny)leaves him, taking their children with her.
Graysmith persistently contacts Toschi about the Zodiac murders and eventually impresses the veteran detective with his knowledge of the case. While Toschi cannot directly give Graysmith access to the information he discovered over the years, he provides contacts of other police departments in counties where the other murders occinred, The cartoonist acquires more information that points to Allen as the Zodiac, and although circumstantial evidence seems to indicate his guilt, the hard evidence, such as fingerprints and handwriting samples, exonerate him.
In December 1983, a full 14 years after the original slayings, Graysmith tracks Allen down to a Vallejo hardware store, where he is employed as a sales clerk. After Allen asks if he can help Graysmith with anything, they stare at each other for a moment with blank expressions before Graysmith simply replies with a “No”,and leaves the hardware store.
Eight years later, in 1991, Mageau(Jimmi Simpson)meets with authorities and identifies Allen from a police mugshot.
Final title cards, however, inform the audience that Allen died in 1992 before he could be questioned further by police, and that DNA tests performed in 2002 did not match samples gathered from the Zodiac letters.
影片开场是在1969年7月4日,十二宫杀手的第二次袭击发生在加利福尼亚的瓦列霍的一个情侣小路上,达琳·费林(席亚拉·休斯饰)与迈克·麦基欧(李·诺里斯饰)被枪击,费林重伤致死,麦基欧则幸存了下来。
一个月后,《旧金山纪事报》收到了一封来自十二宫杀手的信。保罗·艾弗里(小罗伯特·唐尼饰)是《旧金山纪事报》犯罪栏目的一个记者。罗伯特·格雷史密斯(杰克·吉伦哈尔饰)是政治讽刺漫画家。报社接到了杀手送来的嘲弄警察的密码信件。因为格雷史密斯是一个漫画家,艾弗里与编辑都没有认真对待他,虽然他对凶案很感兴趣,却没有让他看凶杀案的原始细节。很特别的是,他沉迷于信中包含的密码里,并被允许接触其中一封。当他破解了其中的一个密码,并猜中了杀手的一些行动后,艾弗里开始与他共享信息。他们在酒吧一起喝Aqua Velvas时,也就是艾弗里一开始取笑格雷史密斯的酒吧,他们开始讨论密码信件。
十二宫杀手开始了新的袭击行动,他在纳帕县的蒙蒂塞洛漏斗水坝袭击了布赖恩·哈特纳尔(帕特里克·斯科特·刘易斯饰)与塞西莉亚·谢泼德(佩尔·詹姆斯饰)。谢泼德被杀死了,哈特纳尔活了下来。不久之后,在旧金山的普雷西迪奥高地区,出租车司机保罗·史坦恩被枪杀。旧金山警探戴夫·特斯奇(马克·鲁弗洛饰)与他的搭档比尔·阿姆斯特朗(安东尼·爱德华兹饰)负责这个案件。他们与其他侦探进行联系,如瓦列霍的杰克·穆拉纳科斯(伊莱亚斯·考迪亚斯饰)与纳帕的肯恩·纳洛(唐纳尔·罗格饰)。杀手,或者冒充他的人,通过给正在参加电视脱口秀节目的著名律师梅尔文·贝里(布莱恩·考克斯饰)打电话,来继续玩弄当局。
百年50部英文烧脑电影赏析:[50]Zodiac 十二宫
1971年,特斯奇,阿姆斯特朗与穆拉纳科斯正在询问嫌疑犯亚瑟·利·艾伦(约翰·卡洛·林奇饰)。然而,笔迹鉴定专家(菲利浦·贝克·霍尔饰)坚持认为十二宫信件不是艾伦写的。艾弗里收到了一封新的威胁信。他开始越来越沉迷于毒品与酒精。有一次,他与一名与他们竞争的警察共享了信息,特斯奇与阿姆斯特朗都很生气。
到了1975年,艾弗里离开了纪事报。阿姆斯特朗退出了凶杀案部科,特斯奇由于被怀疑伪造十二宫杀手的信件而被降级。与此同时,格雷史密斯独自一人继续调查采访涉案的目击者与警探。格雷史密斯执着于这些未解决的案件时,他开始接到一些只有沉重呼吸声的匿名电话(在费林死亡的那晚,格雷史密斯发现受害者家属接到了同样的恶作剧电话)。由于他过于沉迷于案件,他失去了工作,他的妻子梅勒妮(科洛·塞维尼饰)也带着孩子离开了他。
格雷史密斯不断地就十二宫凶杀案与特斯奇联系,他对案件的了解程度,连经验丰富的侦探都印象深刻。当特斯奇不能直接给格雷史密斯提供他这些年发现的线索时,他给他提供了其他谋杀案发生地警局的联系方式。漫画家发现了更多的线索来证明艾伦就是十二宫杀手,尽管间接证据表明他有罪,但无法找到能定罪的直接证据,如指纹、笔迹样本。

1983年12月,最早的凶杀案发生十二年后,格雷史密斯跟踪艾伦到瓦列霍的五金商店,艾伦是这里的一名销售员。艾伦问格雷史密斯是否需要帮助,他们什么都没说只是互相盯着看了一会。格雷史密斯回答说“不需要”,然后离开了五金商店。
8年后,在1991年,麦基欧(吉米·辛普森饰)被当局召唤来从警方的面部照片中指认艾伦。
然而,最后显示的字幕告诉观众,艾伦在被警方进一步审讯前,就在1992年去世了。而2002年进行的DNA测试则发现,艾伦的DNA与十二宫信件中发现的DNA样本不一致。

cartoonist[kɑ:'tu:nist]n. 漫画家
exclude[iks'klu:d]vt. 排除;排斥;拒绝接纳;逐出
liaise[li'eiz]vi. 保持联络;担任联络官
alliance[ə'laiəns]n. 联盟;联合;联姻
handwriting['hændˌraitiŋ]n. 笔迹;书法;书写;手稿
submersion[səb'mə:ʃən]n. 淹没;浸没
circumstantial[ˌsə:kəm'stæn∫əl]adj. 依照情况的;详细的;详尽的
exonerate[ig'zɔnəreit]vt. 使免罪
重点掌握
■ ...continues to toy with authorities by speaking on the phone with celebrity lawyer Melvin Belli...
我们都知道,toy作为名词使用时,有“玩具”的意思,作为动词使用时,有“玩弄;调情”的意思。所以文中,toy with是“轻率地对待;不太认真地考虑”的意思,比如:George toyed with the idea of buying a car. 乔治动过买车的念头,但只是随便想想而已。此外,toy with还可用来表达“调戏;与……调情;玩弄(女人感情等)”的意思,比如:Never toy with a woman's feelings or it could be the worse for you!绝对不要玩弄女人的感情,否则你将遭到报应!

Chloe Sevigny Interviewed by Paul Fischer
You don't do these kinds of big movies very often, if at all, and so first of all what did you think you could do with this character when it was offered to you?
I agreed to do the movie not so much as a character as just more so to serve the greater good of the movie and to work with David Fincher, because I think that he has a very distinct vision amongst all of these kinds of mediocre filmmakers working today in the business. Then I thought the character was interesting in that she's not this kind of girly girl but she's very practical, smart and kind of tough with her husband and I like that about her in that aspect of their relationship. Also she was very respectful of him and kind of let him run his course with this whole Zodiac mess that he had gotten himself into.
Now I mean in your case you didn't really need to do any research on this because I assume that in terms of your character,it's pretty much what's on the page. Did you allow yourself to do anything, did you meet with the real character?
I read most of Zodiac Unmasked. I didn't get through it because I found all of the insane detailing into all of the investigations just a little too much for my taste and a little hard to get through and the violence was definitely hard for me to read. It was very disturbing and I met with the real wife of Robert Graysmith. She came to the set with her daughter, briefly. But we didn't really get too in depth into their relationship or her life or anything.
百年50部英文烧脑电影赏析:[50]Zodiac 十二宫
你并不经常拍这样的大片,即使有的话,这也是第一次,是什么让你认为你能接拍提供给你的这个角色?
我同意拍这部电影不是只考虑角色,更多的是能为这部电影服务以及能和大卫·芬奇一起合作,因为我认为,在所有这类平庸的电影制作人打理业务的今天,他有着非常独特的视角。还有我觉得这个角色很有趣,因为她不是那种嗲声嗲气的女孩,但是她很实际、很聪明,和她的丈夫有些纠结,我喜欢他们之间的关系的那一面。还有她很尊重他,让他调查整个十二宫那些乱事儿,他得到了自我实现。
现在我是说,就你的情况,你真的不需要在这上面做任何的研究,因为我的假定是根据你的角色而言的,这显而易见。你有没有让自己做些什么?你见过真实的这样的人物吗?
我读过《解开十二宫的真相》的大部分。我没读完,因为我发现所有的进入调研的疯狂细节,对我来说有点太多了,有点难以读完,对我来说暴力绝对是很难读的,非常令人不安。我见过罗伯特·格雷史密斯真正的妻子。她和她的女儿来过拍摄现场,很短。但我们真的没能太深人到他们之间的关系,或她的生活或任何事。

编剧西恩·萨勒诺(Shane Salerno)在他19岁的时候就买下了罗伯特·格雷史密斯(Robert Graysmith)的小说《十二宫》的版权,并与格雷史密斯两人在故事方面钻研推敲了多年,然后把剧本卖给了迪斯尼旗下的试金石影业,得到了七位数的稿酬。虽然本片的编剧不包括西恩·萨勒诺,可是他确实曾为那个描述真实的旧金山系列杀人犯的故事撰写过多个版本的剧本。

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