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各国最著名的一本书,你看过哪本?

2018-07-30 09:07:34  每日学英语
“蹉跎莫遣韶光老,人生唯有读书好。”阅读是一扇窗,让我们能看见世界的各个角落不同的风景,感受到不同的生活情感。今天给大家推荐各个国家最著名的书,希望能帮助大家更深入地了解各国的文化,更好地进行语言学习。

 

英语区

English-Speaking Zone

United Kingdom - Pride andPrejudice

英国:《傲慢与偏见》

 

名著

 

Pride and Prejudice is kind of a literary Rosetta Stone, the inspiration, basis, and model for so many modern novels.You’re probably more familiar with its plot and characters than you think. Fora book written in the early 19th century, it’s modernity is surprising only until you realize that this is the novel that in many ways defined what a modern novel is.

《傲慢与偏见》可以说是文学界的一块罗塞塔石碑,同时也是许多现代小说的模板,所以你对其中的情节和人物可能比你自己想象中要熟悉。作为一本写于19世纪的书,它的现代性是非常惊人的,而你稍作了解之后就会知道,这是因为现代小说在很大程度上就是被这本书定义的。

Ireland - Ulysses

爱尔兰:《尤利西斯》

 

名著

 

Ulysses did “stream of consciousness” before the term existed, and it’s also a sprawling novel dense with allusions,wordplay, obscure jokes, and intensely, opaquely personal ruminations by thecharacters.

《尤利西斯》在“意识流”这个概念出现之前就开始使用它了。同时,它也是一本相当错综复杂的小说,充满了隐喻、文字游戏、隐晦的玩笑、以及角色们欲说还休的个人沉思。

法语区 French-Speaking Zone

France - The Three Musketeers

法国:《三个火枪手》

 

名著

 

The Three Musketeers is primarily a historical and adventure novel.However, Dumas also frequently works into the plot various injustices, abuses,and absurdities of the old regime, giving the novel an additional politicalaspect at a time when the debate in France between republicans and monarchistswas still fierce.

《三个火枪手》基本上是一本历史冒险小说。不过,大仲马也频繁地在其中描写旧政权的不公、暴行与荒唐;当时的法国正在激烈地争论共和制与君主制孰是孰非,这使得这本小说在彼时有着一层政治色彩。

德语区

German-SpeakingZone

Germany - Faust

德国:《浮士德》

 

名著

 

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust isa tragic play in two parts. Although rarely staged in its entirety, it is theplay with the largest audience numbers on German-language stages. Faust isconsidered by many to be Goethe's magnum opus and the greatest work of Germanliterature.

约翰·沃尔夫冈·冯·歌德的《浮士德》是一部悲剧,它分为上下两部。虽然它很少在舞台上被完整地呈现出来,但它确实德语界舞台上观众最多的一部剧。很多人都认为《浮士德》是歌德的代表作,同时也是德语文学中最伟大的作品。

Switzerland - Heidi

瑞士:《海蒂》

 

名著

 

Heidi is a work of children's fiction published in 1881by Swiss author Johanna Spyri. It is a novel about the events in the lifeof a young girl in her grandfather's care in the Swiss Alps. Heidi isone of the best-selling books ever written and is among the best-known works ofSwiss literature.

《海蒂》是瑞士作家乔安娜·斯比瑞发表于1881年的一本儿童小说。这本书讲的是一个小女孩在她祖父照料下的生活,它发生在阿尔卑斯山的瑞士一侧。《海蒂》是有史以来最畅销的书之一,也是瑞士文学中最广为人知的作品。

Austria - Radetzky March

奥地利:《拉德兹基进行曲》

 

名著

 

Radetzky March is a 1932 novel by Joseph Roth chronicling thedecline and fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire via the story of the Trottafamily.

《拉德兹基进行曲》是约瑟夫·罗特在1932年写的一本小说,它特罗塔家族的故事出发,按时间顺序记叙了奥匈帝国的衰落与败亡。

西班牙语区

Spanish-SpeakingZone

Spain - Don Quixote

西班牙:《堂吉诃德》

 

名著

 

The story follows the adventures of a noblewho reads so many chivalric romances that he loses his sanity and decides toset out to revive chivalry, undo wrongs, and bring justice to the world.

这本书讲的是一个贵族的冒险故事,他读了太多骑士小说,结果失去理智了,于是决定启程去复兴骑士精神、惩恶扬善、为世界带来争议。

葡萄牙语区

Portuguese-SpeakingZone

Portugal - Blindness

葡萄牙:《失明症漫记》

 

名著

 

Blindness is a novel by Portuguese author José Saramago. Itis one of his most famous novels. In 1998, Saramago received the NobelPrize for Literature, and Blindness was one of his works notedby the committee when announcing the award.

《失明症漫记》是葡萄牙作家何塞·萨拉马戈的作品。这是他最出名的小说之一。1998年,萨拉马戈荣获诺贝尔文学奖,而《失明症漫记》正式评委会在颁奖时提及的著作之一。

意大利语区

Italian-SpeakingZone

Italy - The Name of the Rose

意大利:《玫瑰之名》

 

名著

 

This novel is a historical murder mysteryset in an Italian monastery, in the year 1327, an intellectual mysterycombining semiotics in fiction, biblical analysis, medieval studies andliterary theory.

这本小说讲的,是发生在意大利一个修道院里的历史谋杀迷案,时间是1327年。这本小说在一个智力谜团里融入了符号学、圣经分析、中世纪研究以及文学理论。

俄语区

Russian-SpeakingZone

Russia - War and Peace

俄罗斯:《战争与和平》

 

名著

 

This novel of LeoTolstoy chronicles the history of the French invasion of Russia and theimpact of the Napoleonic era on Tsarist society through the stories of fiveRussian aristocratic families.

这本列夫·托尔斯泰的小说按时间顺序纪录了法国对俄国的侵略史,也写了拿破仑时代对沙俄社会的影响,这一切都穿插在5个俄国贵族家庭的故事中。

Belarus - Voices fromChernobyl

白俄罗斯:《切尔诺贝利的悲鸣》

 

名著

 

Voices from Chernobyl is a book by Nobel Laureate Svetlana Alexievich.Alexievich was a journalist living in Minsk, the capital of Belarus, in 1986 atthe time of the Chernobyl disaster. At the time Belarus was part of the SovietUnion.

《切尔诺贝利的悲鸣》是诺奖得主斯维特拉娜·阿列克谢耶维奇的作品。当1986年切尔诺贝利灾难爆发的时候,阿列克谢耶维奇正住在白俄罗斯的首都——明斯克。那时的白俄罗斯还是苏联的一部分。

 

一起来聊聊

这些书你看过哪几本呢?

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